Hop-epedia Project: Centennial Hops

Next up on the Hop-epedia Project: Centennial Hops. Centennial is an aroma-type hop that is also used for bittering. Yet another hoppy brainchild of the USDA (see lineage below in Hop USA specs), its versitility in different beer styles, resistance to disease and fungus, and moderate storagability make it pretty popular. Along with Cascade and Columbus, it is one of the “Three Cs”.

Centennial hops are known as the “Super Cascade” for their higher bittering capacity, but similar aroma/flavor profile: floral, citrus, and slightly spicy character. But the flavor and aroma comparisons between Centennial and Cascade are all over the place. Some claim Centennial is not quite as floral as Cascade. Others claim that they are not quite as citrusy. And I’ll be damned if I don’t taste a bit of pine when I crack open a Two-Hearted or a Centennial IPA (two Centennial hop beers). Ugh. Who knows? What’s the fucking point?

Oh shit! It just got all existential up in here.

Although, I will say that once the Two-Hearted and Centennial IPA stop being all up in your grill and warm-up a bit, any pine fades and the floral and citrus come out.

Indeed, Centennial and Cascade are often substituted for one another or used in tandem, but how are they distinguishable? Centennials are higher in alpha acid, so they impart more bitterness. Both can be grapefruity, but I usually find Cascade to be more so (there may be disagreement here). I find Cascade to be slightly more piney. And I think Centennials are a little more floral. I have even seen some rare bitching on homebrew forums about Centennial being too floral (I have never heard that said about Cascade). I even heard of someone saying that Two-Hearted reminds her of a hair salon. I can infer from this that I have been going to the wrong hair salons, and that Centennial has a substantial floral character.

If you are looking for substitutions, try Amarillo or, obviously, Cascade. I have also seen that, by the numbers, a mix of 70% Cascade and 30% Columbus will have a similar profile. This would make some sense as the Columbus would boost the bittering alpha acids and could impart a slight pungent kick needed to super-fy the Cascade.

As always with the Hop-epedia Project, comments and additions are encouraged.

Some Centennial Beers
Bell’s Two-Hearted
Founders Centennial IPA
Sierra Nevada Northern Hemisphere Harvest (Centennial for bittering and Cascade and Centennial for finishing)
Sierra Nevada Celebration (Centennial bittering and Cascade and Centennial for finishing and dry-hopping)
Sierra Nevada Bigfoot Barleywine (includes Cascade and Chinook as well)

Specs from USA Hops variety manual
Centennial is an aroma variety that was released in 1990. It was derived from three-quarters Brewer’s Gold with minor contributions from Fuggle, East Kent Golding and others. It is among the most popular varieties for U.S. craft brewers and is sometimes referred to as a super Cascade.

Alpha Acids 9.5 – 11.5%
Beta Acids 3.5 – 4.5%
Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 29 – 30%
Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 – 2.5
Myrcene (as % of total oils) 45 – 55%
Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 5.0 – 8.0%
Humulene (as % of total oils) 10 – 18%
Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0%
Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20° C) 60 – 65%
Possible Substitutions Cascade, Amarillo


Beer Review: Bell’s Rarities Dinner at RFD (with Black Note Stout)

I went with a group of fellas to a Bell’s beer dinner last night, where Bell’s brought in a number of rare offerings. On the whole, the beer was good (one was outstanding), the food was good (for RFD), and the pairings worked well. Forgive me, as I am going off some sketchy iPhone notes. I may make passing mention of some of the food…none of it was BBQ.

Oatmeal Stout: Bell’s doesn’t F around. We dove right in with an oatmeal stout that has a soft and pleasant smell of coffee and chocolate. The coffee stands out a little more than the chocolate on the taste, in a not over-the-top way. And the oatmeal adds a nice creaminess to it. One guy commented that it tastes a little like coffee ice cream, which I think is about right. It paired well with the beef stew.

Raspberry Ale: Why the hell is there a “p” in raspberry? This is the beer I was looking forward to the least, and I ended up not minding it. It tastes like a tame raspberry. Profound, I know. It is a little tart, with a not overpowering sweetness; and it isn’t all up in your grill (like the beer’s presumptuous, little, red, corpuscular namesake is). At the end, I felt like it tasted like a raspberry sweet tart. But I still liked it, and it finished cleaner than I thought a raspberry beer would.

Hopsolution: This beer was brewed solely for the Illinois market as Kalamazoo Hopsolution, and stemmed from some sort of dust-up with Bell’s distribution in Illinois. It is apparently a tweaked version of Bell’s Two Hearted. It has a nice ripe, resinous hop aroma. The taste is the same, with some citrus notes. It is pretty sweet, but is ultimately nicely balanced, with a good malt backbone.

There was something ever-so-slight that irked me (almost not even worth mentioning). There was a mulchy/earthy thing going on that nobody else at my table noticed. Jerks. I should note that the paired manchego mac & cheese made this taste go away. I liked this, but I like Two Hearted much better.

Golden Rye: This beer is like Oberon’s teenage, emo, spiced, rye cousin. I wanted to believe that it’s dark eye make-up, black dyed hair, and surly, angst-ridden attitude were noble; but ultimately everyone else at the table convinced me that this teenager’s rebellion lacked substance. It is interesting, but we all agreed it needed something more…like some hop character, a little sweeter, a bigger mouthfeel…something. Fucking teens.

Black Note Stout: I was hoping that the hype and my high expectations would not culminate in a let-down on this highly sought-after bourbon barrel-aged blend of Double Cream and Expedition. But I have seen the top of the mountain, and it is good.

I swear, Black Note, I came here for you. All those other beers meant nothing to me.

This thing is as black as night, with none of RFD’s little LED lights able to penetrate it (although towards the end you could notice a fascinating red around the edges). It smells like chocolate, cream, oak, bourbon, and a little vanilla. The taste starts out with chocolate, cream, coffee, and very complementary bourbon, with some elusive hops that repeatedly ding-dong-ditch your tongue with every sip.

As you get towards the bottom the hops indignantly head home, and the rest of the characters stop their attention whoring and drop back in a supporting role for the oak to shine. It is at this point you feel like one filthy-rich, classy motherfucker…haughtily swirling your old-ass cognac and contemplating which failing business your private equity firm should over-leverage and liquidate just for funsies the next day.

Jeeves, find me a slightly gimpy homeless man that I may sport hunt like an animal.

Still impressed by myself, I took a cab home, fell asleep, and was awoken by my sleepwalking 3-year-old at 3:30am. Doesn’t she know who I am? I’ve had Black Note Stout, dammit!

Notes: The Haybag was nice enough to stay home with the F-Trophy and send me out with the boys, despite the fact that she loves beer as much as any of us. Thanks!

Also, I don’t think I can comment on the drinkability of the Black Note. By the time it came around, I think a glass of water would have seemed challenging to get down my pie-hole. I seem to remember, though, it was pretty drinkable for something so huge.